Essential Nutrients for Seniors with Diabetes

Vitamin A

It is an antioxidant that protects against skin cancer, which appears in the elderly and affects the quality of vision.

Sources: Peaches, cantaloupe, pumpkin, bell pepper, potatoes, carrots, avocados, apricots, broccoli, hard cheese, eggs, liver, fish.

Vitamin D

It is necessary for the absorption of calcium by bone tissue and the prevention of osteoporosis.

Sources: Vegetable oils, chicken egg yolk, beef liver (once a week) and beef.

Vitamin E

Antioxidant that inhibits the harmful effects of oxygen. Works together with vitamin C and B3, selenium and glutathione. It protects the skin from the carcinogenic effect of ultraviolet radiation, and prevents clouding of the lens and retinal dystrophy. Vitamin E in addition to strengthening the memory can also reduces the risk diabetes complications and the rate of atherosclerotic plaque formation.

Sources: Milk, vegetable oils (especially olive), lettuce leaves, etc.

Vitamin C

Also an antioxidant. It is important for maintaining the normal state of the vessels, reducing their fragility and bleeding. Vitamin C also slows the formation of cataracts, and reduces the degree of insulin resistance and level of glycated hemoglobin

Sources: Rosehip, raspberry, citrus, strawberries, tomatoes, broccoli, white cabbage, onions, carrots, cucumbers, beets, turnips.

Lipoic acid

Antioxidant. Helpful in the treatment of nerve damage in diabetes.

Sources: Beef, white cabbage, milk, rice, spinach, beef liver, broccoli, beets, carrots, legumes.

Vitamin B12

Essential for blood formation, protein and nucleic acid synthesis.

Sources: Cheese: Dutch, Poshekhonsky, Russian, Cheddar, Brynza, Sardine, Beef, Chicken Eggs, Liver, Kefir.

Vitamin B6

Important for protein metabolism, and hemoglobin synthesis. When protein intake increases in diabetes, the need for this vitamin also increases.

Sources: Sweet pepper, chicken, liver, sea buckthorn, pomegranate, tuna, beans, millet.

Vitamin B1

Required to burn carbohydrates. Often seniors with diabetes might require an additional amount of this vitamin. Vitamin B6 also prevents damage to the heart and blood vessels in diabetes.

Sources: Millet, oatmeal, rye bread, beans, liver, pine nuts, corn.

Vitamin H

It has an insulin-like action.

Sources: Chicken eggs, oatmeal, peas, sea buckthorn, chicken, cheese, corn.

Selenium

Included in one of the main antioxidants – glutathione peroxidase. With selenium deficiency, degenerative changes occur in the pancreas, kidneys and liver. It has an antidiabetic effect.

Sources: Beans, wheat, peas, barley, egg, pistachios, almonds.

Chromium

It can reduce blood glucose levels and cravings for sweets. With selenium deficiency, insulin resistance increases.

Sources: Carp, beet, salmon, pearl barley, liver, shrimp.

Zinc

Stimulates insulin production, and increases local immunity of the skin and mucous membranes which speeds up the healing of wounds.

Sources: Mushrooms, pumpkin seeds, melted cheese, peanuts, barley grits, beans, buckwheat, wheat cereal, oysters.

Manganese

Manganese deficiency alone causes type 2 diabetes mellitus and liver obesity, as this substance activates the molecules involved in the synthesis of insulin.

Source: Beets, mushrooms, spinach, pistachios, salad, liver, garlic, hazelnuts.

About Medigap: Older folks above the age of 65 must consider Medicare supplement plans that can pay for the deductible and copay.